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Posts for category: Skin Conditions

By ADVANCED DESERT DERMATOLOGY
October 13, 2021
Category: Skin Conditions
Tags: Diaper Rash  
Diaper RashDiaper rash is a common problem for babies and toddlers who are not yet toilet trained. Diaper rash is defined as any red rash appearing on the area of skin normally covered by a diaper. If you notice that your baby is fussier than usual or crying at diaper changes, a rash may be the cause. 
 
Causes of Diaper Rash
  • Sensitivity to diapers or wipes
  • Food sensitivities
  • Excess moisture
  • Bacteria or fungus
There is a myriad of reasons a diaper rash might occur and many of them look similar. Babies have sensitive skin that sometimes doesn't take well to scented diapers or wet wipes. This can be remedied by changing brands or asking your provider for a gentler suggestion. Excess moisture in the diaper from too infrequent changes can wreak havoc on a baby's skin, causing red, uncomfortable rashes. Sometimes rashes occur because of bacteria or fungus in the diaper area, most likely due to left behind fecal particles.
 
Treating and Preventing Diaper Rash
  • Creams 
  • Frequent diaper changes
  • Good hygiene
 
Treating diaper rash is usually fairly easy and most rashes should clear up in a matter of days. Once treated, it is recommended that caregivers help prevent future rashes by keeping the area dry and clean as much as possible. 

The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests the use of warm water to clean the diaper area during changes, should wet wipes not be enough. Creams or emollients can serve as a barrier between the skin and the diaper to prevent further chafing and to keep the skin dry in between changes. 

Diapers should be changed every few hours and whenever they become soiled. Your child's provider will be able to tell you more if you notice a diaper rash that is persistent or not responding to frequent changes, good hygiene, and diaper creams. Oral medicines or medicated creams may be prescribed on a case-by-case basis. These steps should prevent more discomfort and make diaper changing time a more pleasant experience for everyone involved.
By ADVANCED DESERT DERMATOLOGY
September 16, 2021
Category: Skin Conditions
Hair Follicle InfectionsWhen red inflamed bumps appear it’s easy to assume it’s just acne, but it could be a sign of an infected hair follicle. This common skin problem, which is referred to as folliculitis, is caused by either bacteria or fungus and can develop just about anywhere on the body or face. While minor cases may be treated at home, it’s also important to recognize when you should turn to a dermatologist for care.

What are the signs and symptoms of folliculitis?

You could have folliculitis if you notice,
  • Small red bumps that develop around hair follicles (most common on the legs)
  • Bumps that contain pus
  • Bumps that blister or burst open
  • Tender, itchy, or burning skin around these bumps
It can be easy to mistake folliculitis for other skin disorders and conditions, so it’s also a good idea to see a dermatologist if your symptoms don’t go away in a few days or if your symptoms are widespread or spreading.

What are the types of folliculitis?

There are different forms of folliculitis. The most common type is known as razor bumps, which you may notice around the groin or face, especially in those with naturally curly hair. “Hot tub” folliculitis is a bacterial infection that is often found in hot tubs (as well as heated pools) and can lead to a red, itchy, and bumpy rash.

Bacterial folliculitis is a common form and is characterized by whitehead-like or pus-filled bumps. This is a sign of a Staph infection and should be treated by a dermatologist as soon as possible.

How is folliculitis treated?

A lot will depend on the cause; however, treatment is often necessary if the infection doesn’t go away within a few days. Bacterial infections will respond best to antibiotics while yeast infections and other fungi will require antifungal medications. Of course, there are a ton of skin conditions and infections that can cause similar symptoms, so it’s always best to see a dermatologist before trying over-the-counter remedies.

If you notice any signs of a new or worsening skin infection, it’s always a good idea to turn to your dermatologist right away for a proper evaluation and to make sure you get the appropriate treatment you need to get rid of the infection fast.
By ADVANCED DESERT DERMATOLOGY
August 26, 2021
Category: Skin Conditions
Tags: Eczema   Psoriasis  

Red itchy patches on your skin may be eczema or psoriasis. Both conditions share some similar symptoms and it can get confusing sometimes. Your dermatologist, Dr. Vernon Mackey of Advanced Desert Dermatology, can help diagnose and treat your eczema or psoriasis in Peoria, AZ.

Eczema

Eczema is a skin condition that causes red, inflamed, itchy patches on your skin. These patches tend to appear on your inner elbows, behind your knees, face, back, hands, and abdomen. Other severe symptoms of eczema include leathery skin patches, bleeding cracks, blistering, and oozing.

You can't get eczema from others as it isn't contagious. It generally has a genetic component and may run in families. Eczema may be triggered by specific allergens present in soap, detergent, dust, and meat. Types of eczema include:

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Hand eczema
  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Nummular eczema
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Dyshidrotic eczema

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is also a skin condition that causes red, itchy, and inflamed skin patches. Psoriasis lesions appear raised, silvery, and scaly. The patches on your skin appear thicker than with eczema. Psoriasis may appear on your scalp, elbows, chest, knees, or anywhere on your body.

The main cause of psoriasis is your body's immune system attacking your skin. Hence, psoriasis is an autoimmune disease. However, doctors can't tell you why your immune system is going after your skin. Psoriasis flare-ups may be triggered by skin injuries such as a scratch or sunburn. Types of psoriasis include:

  • Plaque psoriasis
  • Inverse psoriasis
  • Guttate psoriasis
  • Pustular psoriasis
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis

The Difference Between Eczema and Psoriasis

Both eczema and psoriasis in Peoria, AZ, share some similar symptoms such as redness and inflammation. However, there are some notable differences too. These differences include:

Cause-Psoriasis is generally due to an overactive immune system. On the other hand, genetics and environmental factors contribute to eczema development.

Itchiness-Both skin conditions usually cause some itching. Psoriasis often causes milder itching while eczema can cause you to scratch till you hurt yourself.

Age-Eczema is a lot more prevalent in children than psoriasis. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) estimates that while nearly 1% of kids have psoriasis, about 25% have atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema.

Psoriasis and eczema may have some similarities, but your experienced dermatologist can spot the difference. If you think the lesion on your skin might be eczema or psoriasis in Peoria, AZ, call (623) 977-6700 to schedule your consultation with Dr. Mackey of Advanced Desert Dermatology.

By ADVANCED DESERT DERMATOLOGY
June 08, 2021
Category: Skin Conditions
Tags: Alopecia  
AlopeciaIt can be incredibly distressing when you start to lose your hair unexpectedly. Alopecia is something that affects both men and women and this autoimmune disorder causes patches of hair to fall out. This condition is most often found in women under 30.
 
Alopecia Can Be Hereditary

If you develop alopecia you may want to point a finger at your genetics. In fact, both parents have the ability to pass down alopecia to their children. So, if you have a family member with alopecia areata then you may be more likely to develop this condition at some point during your lifetime. Of course, genetics isn’t the only factor that plays a role in whether or not you develop alopecia. There are other deciding factors, as well.
 
Alopecia Targets the Hair Follicles

As we mentioned above, alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder, which means that the body attacks the hair follicles, causing them to slow or even halt hair growth. There are different kinds of alopecia and people experience different symptom severities. Some people may notice hair regrowth in a few months while others may not. Again, you must have a dermatologist that you can turn to for answers.
 
There are Solutions for Managing Alopecia

While there is no cure, there are treatment options out there that can help stimulate hair growth and reduce the immune system response. The type and severity of your alopecia, along with your age and the severity of your hair loss will play major roles in what types of treatment options are best for you. This is something that a skincare professional can discuss with you during your consultation.
 
For those with milder symptoms, there are injectable and topical medications that could help. Common treatments include,
  • Topical or injectable corticosteroids
  • Minoxidil solution (applied to the scalp to regrow hair)
  • Anthralin cream
Those with more severe symptoms may respond better to these treatment options,
  • Oral steroids
  • Immunomodulatory medications
  • Topical immunotherapy
If you are dealing with sudden hair loss, it’s important to talk with a dermatologist to find out what’s going on, so you know the best way to treat it. Alopecia can be distressing, but your dermatologist can provide you with options to improve hair regrowth and to once again boost your confidence in your appearance.
By ADVANCED DESERT DERMATOLOGY
April 05, 2021
Category: Skin Conditions
Atopic DermatitisWhen we think of skin disorders, we most often assume that these are problems that mostly adults deal with; however, children and teens can also deal with a wide range of skin problems. One of them is atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis, also referred to as pediatric eczema, is a chronic skin problem that causes flare-ups of itchy, dry, red skin.

What causes atopic dermatitis in children?

Atopic dermatitis is surprisingly common among newborns and kids. Certain factors may play a role in whether your child develops atopic dermatitis. Some of these factors include genetics, weather, environment, temperature, and allergies. If dermatitis runs in your family then your child may be more at risk.

What are the signs of pediatric atopic dermatitis?

Not sure if your child is dealing with atopic dermatitis? Many of the symptoms are not unique to atopic dermatitis so it can be difficult to tell. This is why it’s important to turn to a qualified dermatologist if your child is dealing with any of these issues,
  • Dry skin
  • Intensely itchy skin
  • Thick, red, or swollen skin
  • Fluid-filled or crusty bumps on the skin
  • Rough bumps on the face or arms
  • Hives
How is atopic dermatitis treated?

There are several factors that a dermatologist will need to take into account to determine the best treatment plan for your child. Factors such as their overall health as well as the severity of their symptoms will play roles in the type of treatments we recommend. Your child’s treatment plan will include,
  • Avoiding known irritants and triggers such as certain soaps, detergents, and allergens (e.g., pet danger)
  • Keeping your child’s nails trim to prevent scratching and infection
  • Using gentle cleansers and products on your child’s skin
  • Corticosteroid creams
  • Antihistamines
  • Phototherapy (light therapy)
  • Biologics (strong medications used only in severe and unresponsive cases)
If your child is displaying signs of atopic dermatitis, you must schedule an appointment with your dermatologist to find out what’s going on. Any kind of persistent or recurring rash should be looked at by a skincare professional.