Posts for category: Skin Conditions
What are the signs and symptoms of folliculitis?
You could have folliculitis if you notice,
- Small red bumps that develop around hair follicles (most common on the legs)
- Bumps that contain pus
- Bumps that blister or burst open
- Tender, itchy, or burning skin around these bumps
What are the types of folliculitis?
There are different forms of folliculitis. The most common type is known as razor bumps, which you may notice around the groin or face, especially in those with naturally curly hair. “Hot tub” folliculitis is a bacterial infection that is often found in hot tubs (as well as heated pools) and can lead to a red, itchy, and bumpy rash.
Bacterial folliculitis is a common form and is characterized by whitehead-like or pus-filled bumps. This is a sign of a Staph infection and should be treated by a dermatologist as soon as possible.
How is folliculitis treated?
A lot will depend on the cause; however, treatment is often necessary if the infection doesn’t go away within a few days. Bacterial infections will respond best to antibiotics while yeast infections and other fungi will require antifungal medications. Of course, there are a ton of skin conditions and infections that can cause similar symptoms, so it’s always best to see a dermatologist before trying over-the-counter remedies.
If you notice any signs of a new or worsening skin infection, it’s always a good idea to turn to your dermatologist right away for a proper evaluation and to make sure you get the appropriate treatment you need to get rid of the infection fast.
Red itchy patches on your skin may be eczema or psoriasis. Both conditions share some similar symptoms and it can get confusing sometimes. Your dermatologist, Dr. Vernon Mackey of Advanced Desert Dermatology, can help diagnose and treat your eczema or psoriasis in Peoria, AZ.
Eczema is a skin condition that causes red, inflamed, itchy patches on your skin. These patches tend to appear on your inner elbows, behind your knees, face, back, hands, and abdomen. Other severe symptoms of eczema include leathery skin patches, bleeding cracks, blistering, and oozing.
You can't get eczema from others as it isn't contagious. It generally has a genetic component and may run in families. Eczema may be triggered by specific allergens present in soap, detergent, dust, and meat. Types of eczema include:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Hand eczema
- Irritant contact dermatitis
- Nummular eczema
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Allergic contact dermatitis
- Dyshidrotic eczema
Psoriasis is also a skin condition that causes red, itchy, and inflamed skin patches. Psoriasis lesions appear raised, silvery, and scaly. The patches on your skin appear thicker than with eczema. Psoriasis may appear on your scalp, elbows, chest, knees, or anywhere on your body.
The main cause of psoriasis is your body's immune system attacking your skin. Hence, psoriasis is an autoimmune disease. However, doctors can't tell you why your immune system is going after your skin. Psoriasis flare-ups may be triggered by skin injuries such as a scratch or sunburn. Types of psoriasis include:
- Plaque psoriasis
- Inverse psoriasis
- Guttate psoriasis
- Pustular psoriasis
- Erythrodermic psoriasis
The Difference Between Eczema and Psoriasis
Both eczema and psoriasis in Peoria, AZ, share some similar symptoms such as redness and inflammation. However, there are some notable differences too. These differences include:
Cause-Psoriasis is generally due to an overactive immune system. On the other hand, genetics and environmental factors contribute to eczema development.
Itchiness-Both skin conditions usually cause some itching. Psoriasis often causes milder itching while eczema can cause you to scratch till you hurt yourself.
Age-Eczema is a lot more prevalent in children than psoriasis. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) estimates that while nearly 1% of kids have psoriasis, about 25% have atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema.
Psoriasis and eczema may have some similarities, but your experienced dermatologist can spot the difference. If you think the lesion on your skin might be eczema or psoriasis in Peoria, AZ, call (623) 977-6700 to schedule your consultation with Dr. Mackey of Advanced Desert Dermatology.
If you develop alopecia you may want to point a finger at your genetics. In fact, both parents have the ability to pass down alopecia to their children. So, if you have a family member with alopecia areata then you may be more likely to develop this condition at some point during your lifetime. Of course, genetics isn’t the only factor that plays a role in whether or not you develop alopecia. There are other deciding factors, as well.
As we mentioned above, alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder, which means that the body attacks the hair follicles, causing them to slow or even halt hair growth. There are different kinds of alopecia and people experience different symptom severities. Some people may notice hair regrowth in a few months while others may not. Again, you must have a dermatologist that you can turn to for answers.
While there is no cure, there are treatment options out there that can help stimulate hair growth and reduce the immune system response. The type and severity of your alopecia, along with your age and the severity of your hair loss will play major roles in what types of treatment options are best for you. This is something that a skincare professional can discuss with you during your consultation.
- Topical or injectable corticosteroids
- Minoxidil solution (applied to the scalp to regrow hair)
- Anthralin cream
- Oral steroids
- Immunomodulatory medications
- Topical immunotherapy
What causes atopic dermatitis in children?
Atopic dermatitis is surprisingly common among newborns and kids. Certain factors may play a role in whether your child develops atopic dermatitis. Some of these factors include genetics, weather, environment, temperature, and allergies. If dermatitis runs in your family then your child may be more at risk.
What are the signs of pediatric atopic dermatitis?
Not sure if your child is dealing with atopic dermatitis? Many of the symptoms are not unique to atopic dermatitis so it can be difficult to tell. This is why it’s important to turn to a qualified dermatologist if your child is dealing with any of these issues,
- Dry skin
- Intensely itchy skin
- Thick, red, or swollen skin
- Fluid-filled or crusty bumps on the skin
- Rough bumps on the face or arms
There are several factors that a dermatologist will need to take into account to determine the best treatment plan for your child. Factors such as their overall health as well as the severity of their symptoms will play roles in the type of treatments we recommend. Your child’s treatment plan will include,
- Avoiding known irritants and triggers such as certain soaps, detergents, and allergens (e.g., pet danger)
- Keeping your child’s nails trim to prevent scratching and infection
- Using gentle cleansers and products on your child’s skin
- Corticosteroid creams
- Phototherapy (light therapy)
- Biologics (strong medications used only in severe and unresponsive cases)
- Sores in the mouth and nose (mucous membrane sores)
- Hair loss, sometimes caused by discoid lesions
- Purple spots (due to broken blood vessels) on the legs