Common warts are called "verrucae vulagis" (VV). Warts are growths that originate in the top layer of skin and are caused by a virus, called human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV causes the skin to grow and multiply quickly which forms the wart.
There are more than 150 different types of HPV. Warts may grow in clusters or may grow singly. They may be flesh colored or they may appear slightly lighter or slightly darker. Most warts have a dry, rough surface and may appear to have red or black "seeds" in it. What look like seeds are actually little blood vessels that are supplying blood to the wart.
Warts can be spread on a person's own body by picking the wart and then touching another part of the body. If you chew on a wart, HPV may infect your lips or face. Warts can be spread from one person to another through skin-to-skin contact or by sharing personal items such as towels or razors. The type of HPV that causes genital warts is very easily transmitted through sexual contact.
Most warts will eventually go away on its own. If the wart causes pain when walking, frequently becomes irritated and bleeds, affects normal activity, or if they are multiplying rapidly they may need to be removed.
- Topical drugs - there are topical medications that can be applied to the warts that cause the warts to become irritated and blister. Eventually the tissue inside the wart dies and the wart can be scraped way.
- Cryotherapy - is a process by which the wart is frozen using liquid nitrogen to kill the abnormal tissue.
- Currettage - is a process in which the wart is scrapped off the skin and the electrocartery is then used to destroy any remaining abnormal cells and stop any bleeding.