What are the signs and symptoms of folliculitis?
You could have folliculitis if you notice,
- Small red bumps that develop around hair follicles (most common on the legs)
- Bumps that contain pus
- Bumps that blister or burst open
- Tender, itchy, or burning skin around these bumps
What are the types of folliculitis?
There are different forms of folliculitis. The most common type is known as razor bumps, which you may notice around the groin or face, especially in those with naturally curly hair. “Hot tub” folliculitis is a bacterial infection that is often found in hot tubs (as well as heated pools) and can lead to a red, itchy, and bumpy rash.
Bacterial folliculitis is a common form and is characterized by whitehead-like or pus-filled bumps. This is a sign of a Staph infection and should be treated by a dermatologist as soon as possible.
How is folliculitis treated?
A lot will depend on the cause; however, treatment is often necessary if the infection doesn’t go away within a few days. Bacterial infections will respond best to antibiotics while yeast infections and other fungi will require antifungal medications. Of course, there are a ton of skin conditions and infections that can cause similar symptoms, so it’s always best to see a dermatologist before trying over-the-counter remedies.
If you notice any signs of a new or worsening skin infection, it’s always a good idea to turn to your dermatologist right away for a proper evaluation and to make sure you get the appropriate treatment you need to get rid of the infection fast.
Red itchy patches on your skin may be eczema or psoriasis. Both conditions share some similar symptoms and it can get confusing sometimes. Your dermatologist, Dr. Vernon Mackey of Advanced Desert Dermatology, can help diagnose and treat your eczema or psoriasis in Peoria, AZ.
Eczema is a skin condition that causes red, inflamed, itchy patches on your skin. These patches tend to appear on your inner elbows, behind your knees, face, back, hands, and abdomen. Other severe symptoms of eczema include leathery skin patches, bleeding cracks, blistering, and oozing.
You can't get eczema from others as it isn't contagious. It generally has a genetic component and may run in families. Eczema may be triggered by specific allergens present in soap, detergent, dust, and meat. Types of eczema include:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Hand eczema
- Irritant contact dermatitis
- Nummular eczema
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Allergic contact dermatitis
- Dyshidrotic eczema
Psoriasis is also a skin condition that causes red, itchy, and inflamed skin patches. Psoriasis lesions appear raised, silvery, and scaly. The patches on your skin appear thicker than with eczema. Psoriasis may appear on your scalp, elbows, chest, knees, or anywhere on your body.
The main cause of psoriasis is your body's immune system attacking your skin. Hence, psoriasis is an autoimmune disease. However, doctors can't tell you why your immune system is going after your skin. Psoriasis flare-ups may be triggered by skin injuries such as a scratch or sunburn. Types of psoriasis include:
- Plaque psoriasis
- Inverse psoriasis
- Guttate psoriasis
- Pustular psoriasis
- Erythrodermic psoriasis
The Difference Between Eczema and Psoriasis
Both eczema and psoriasis in Peoria, AZ, share some similar symptoms such as redness and inflammation. However, there are some notable differences too. These differences include:
Cause-Psoriasis is generally due to an overactive immune system. On the other hand, genetics and environmental factors contribute to eczema development.
Itchiness-Both skin conditions usually cause some itching. Psoriasis often causes milder itching while eczema can cause you to scratch till you hurt yourself.
Age-Eczema is a lot more prevalent in children than psoriasis. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) estimates that while nearly 1% of kids have psoriasis, about 25% have atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema.
Psoriasis and eczema may have some similarities, but your experienced dermatologist can spot the difference. If you think the lesion on your skin might be eczema or psoriasis in Peoria, AZ, call (623) 977-6700 to schedule your consultation with Dr. Mackey of Advanced Desert Dermatology.
While there isn’t one treatment that may work best for you (everyone’s skin responds differently to various treatments), a dermatologist can talk to you about multiple ways to improve the appearance of your acne scars. The type of treatment and the results you’ll get will depend on your skin type as well as the severity of your scarring. While no one treatment will get rid of your scars completely, these treatments below (alone or in combination with other treatment options) may provide you with the results you’ll looking for.
Wear Sunscreen Daily
It’s important that everyone apply sunscreen every day to protect their skin from the harmful effects of the sun, but this is particularly important if you have acne scars. This is a simple habit to adopt that can reduce the contrast between the scars and your skin tone.
Consider Dermal Fillers
While most people think of dermal fillers as a purely cosmetic treatment designed to plump up areas of the skin that have lost volume due to age, dermal fillers can also plump up scarred skin to reduce the appearance of indentations left by these scars. Of course, results are only temporary, so you will need to turn to your dermatologist for follow-up treatments in order to maintain results.
Get Laser Resurfacing
Another popular treatment option that a dermatologist can offer you is laser resurfacing. Laser technology has come a long way, particularly in the field of dermatology. The powerful lasers used can treat everything from sagging skin and wrinkles to hyperpigmentation. This same treatment can also reduce the appearance of acne and other superficial scars. This is a great alternative to dermabrasion, which is a better option for those with more severe acne scars as well as those with darker skin.
Another popular cosmetic treatment, microneedling helps to stimulate collagen production to keep the skin firm and supple. It may also be a simple but effective way to improve the appearance of scars. Since results are subtle, you may need to undergo several treatments to see the results you want.
If you are living with acne scars and want to speak with a dermatologist about your treatment options, then call one today to schedule a consultation.
It Reduces Stress
Exercise is a great stress reliever, and we also know that acne and other conditions can be exacerbated by stress. Since regular physical activity combats stress, it may also improve certain skin problems such as acne and eczema. After all, our stress hormones impact how much oil the skin’s sebaceous glands produce. You may just find that your brisk morning walk helps keep you calm and collected, while also maintaining healthier-looking skin.
It Gets the Blood Flowing
We all know that blood carries vital nutrients throughout the body, so getting the heart pumping and the circulatory system moving during your next workout session will also get blood pumping faster. This increased blood flow brought on by that HIIT workout or that boxing class also improves circulation even once you’re done working out. This increased circulation could actually help repair damaged cells while promoting the development of new ones. Increased blood flow also removes toxins from the cells.
The Concerns of Exercise on the Skin
Of course, one of the biggest concerns a dermatologist might have for the health of someone’s skin is if they workout outdoors. It’s important to protect your skin from sun exposure, especially during peak hours of 10 am-4 pm, when the sun’s rays are strongest.
If you do plan to go for a run or workout outside you must look for a pH-balanced, broad-spectrum sunscreen that has at least an SPF of 30. Make sure to apply it to the face and body about 30 minutes before going outside. Since sweating can make sunscreen less effective, it’s also best to wear clothes that cover and protect your skin from the sun’s rays.
If you are dealing with skin problems such as acne, psoriasis, or rosacea and you’re looking for ways to keep these skin conditions managed while still being able to exercise, a dermatologist is one of the best specialists to turn to for answers, recommendations, and treatment options that fit your needs.
The American Cancer Society estimates that there could be over 115,000 new skin cancer cases in 2021. Understanding your treatment options for skin cancer in Peoria, AZ, can help you make informed decisions about your health. Your dermatologist, Dr. Vernon Mackey of Advanced Desert Dermatology can explain your skin cancer prevention and treatment options.
Surgery is a common skin cancer treatment. Your dermatologist can perform this procedure in their office to remove the cancer cells and surrounding skin. This procedure occurs under local anesthesia so you don't have to worry about pain.
These non-surgical treatments are sometimes carried out with other skin cancer treatments that target and destroy skin cancer cells. Topical therapies that your dermatologist could prescribe for your skin cancer in Peoria, AZ, include:
- Photodynamic therapy. Your dermatologist applies light-sensitive medication to your skin cancer and activates it with light to kill cancer cells.
- Topical chemotherapy. Using this therapy, your dermatologist applies a chemotherapeutic agent to the skin cancer for 3-12 weeks. It's typically effective against superficial cancers.
- Immune response modifiers. They act by stimulating your immune system to fight skin cancer.
For advanced skin cancers, your dermatologist might prescribe chemotherapy. Your medical team at Advanced Desert Dermatology will develop personalized chemotherapeutic therapy for your skin cancer.
Following surgery, your dermatologist might recommend radiation therapy to clear up remaining cancer cells especially in areas where they removed lymph nodes. Radiation therapy could also help treat metastases if cancer comes back. Radiation therapies for skin cancer include:
- External beam radiation therapy
- Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
- Tomo therapy
Targeted therapies work by acting on specific features of your cancer cell that distinguish them from healthy cells. These features include specific gene mutations and proteins. These therapies kill cancer cells or improve the efficacy of chemotherapy.
Immunotherapy activates your immune system to kill cancer cells. Cytokines and checkpoint inhibitors are immunotherapy drugs that your dermatologist might recommend for your skin cancer treatment.
Want to learn more about skin cancer in Peoria, AZ?
Schedule a consultation with your dermatologist, Dr. Mackey, of Advanced Desert Dermatology by calling (623) 977-6700.
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